Top 5 Legal Documents Process Servers Deliver and Why They Matter

Table of Contents

Process servers assume a critical role in ensuring all parties in a legal proceeding are informed and have the opportunity to respond. They achieve this by delivering essential legal documents. But what exactly do process servers deliver?

This article delves into the top five legal papers that process servers handle. Understanding these documents is not only informative but also empowers you to navigate the legal system with confidence.

1. Summons and Complaints

The legal system relies on a foundation of proper communication. The most common documents that the servers deliver are summonses and complaints. 

A summons is an official notification that someone filed a lawsuit against a person or entity (the defendant). It details the court hearing and the deadline for the defendant to respond.

The complaint, which often accompanies the summons, explains the allegations against the defendant. This legal document outlines the legal basis for the lawsuit and the specific remedy sought by the plaintiff.

By delivering the summons and complaint, the process server initiates the legal process and ensures the defendant receives fair notice of the lawsuit against them. It allows the defendant to prepare a defense and participate in the court proceedings.

2. Subpoenas

A subpoena is a court order compelling a person to appear as a witness or produce specific documents or records as evidence in a legal proceeding.

There are two main types of subpoenas:

  • Subpoena Ad Testificandum

Court process servers deliver this subpoena to compel witnesses to testify in court about their knowledge of the case.

  • Subpoena Duces Tecum

This specific type of subpoena requires a person to produce specific documents or records relevant to the case.

Servers ensure the correct delivery of subpoenas. A judge cannot hold a witness or custodian of records in contempt for failing to appear or produce documents if they were never adequately served with a subpoena.

3. Writs and Orders to Show Cause

Writs are formal court orders directing a person or organization to take a specific action or to cease a particular activity. Professional process servers deliver many types of writs, each with its exact purpose. Some common examples include:

  • Writ of Habeas Corpus

This writ compels a person or institution holding someone in custody to bring them before the court to determine the legality of their detention.

  • Writ of Possession

On the other hand, This writ authorizes a law enforcement officer to take actual physical possession of the property and deliver it to the rightful owner.

  • Writ of Attachment

Lastly, this writ freezes a defendant’s assets to ensure they can satisfy a potential judgment.

Orders to show cause (OSC) require a party to appear in court and explain why another party should not file a particular action against them. A legal document services provider delivers this document to the designated recipient from the court. 

For instance, the court may issue an OSC to determine whether a temporary restraining order should be permanent. Additionally, it allows the recipient to comply with the court’s directive or appear in court to contest the order.

4. Family Court Documents

Family court cases involve various legal issues, including divorce, child custody, and spousal support. Process servers deliver essential documents in these cases, such as:

  • Divorce Petitions

This document formally initiates the proceedings and outlines the grounds for divorce.

  • Child Custody Agreements

These agreements detail the parenting plan for children after a separation or divorce, including arrangements for physical and legal custody.

  • Child Support Orders

These legal documents establish the amount of financial support one parent must provide for their child(ren).

Proper service of these documents ensures all parties know their legal rights and obligations. It also helps facilitate communication and cooperation during family court proceedings, which can be emotionally charged and complex.

5. Eviction Notices

Eviction notices are documents informing tenants to vacate a rental property. Servers typically deliver them before a landlord can file an eviction lawsuit in court.

There are specific legal requirements regarding the content and timing of eviction notices.  Process servers ensure these notices are delivered by the law, protecting the rights of both tenants and landlords.

Do you need to serve documents but require clarification on the process? Do you need help navigating the legal maze? Freestate Investigation offers fast, reliable, and discreet service of summonses, subpoenas, court orders, and more. 

Our experienced team ensures proper delivery, leaving you confident that your case is on track. So, let us handle the legwork and legal documents while you focus on what matters most.

So, book a consultation today!

At Freestate Investigations, LLC, our skilled team is dedicated to promptly locating individuals and delivering your documents with precision. We excel in handling even the most challenging cases with ease. Reach out to us now!